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A single family has governed the rogue state of North Korea for the entirety of its existence.  Installed by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1948, Kim Il-Sung remained in office until his death in 1994.  In 1998, North Korea’s constitution was amended to proclaim Kim Il-Sung the Eternal President of the Republic, and the anniversaries of his birth and death are considered national holidays.  Kim Jong-Un became the supreme leader in 2011, succeeding his father Kim Jong-Il.  The state's alliance with China has been weakened by defiant statements and aggressive actions of its power-hungry new dictator.  Illicit activities of the Kim Dynasty extend to the drug trade, the manufacture and sale of counterfeit goods, human trafficking, and counterfeiting currency (especially the U.S. dollar and Chinese yuan).  Since many of these activities are undertaken at the direction and control of the North Korean government and ruling Workers' Party, with proceeds going towards advancing the country's arms production, the rogue state operates much like a "cartel".

Despite the fact that it is a poor and isolated nation, North Korea has been pursuing nuclear research for decades.  Aspirations to acquire a functional nuclear weapon began during Kim Il-Sung’s reign and were built on the foundations of Cold War Soviet technology.  By the 21st century, reports surfaced of underground nuclear facilities and ongoing research into the production of highly enriched uranium.  Kim Jong-Il’s government carried out the country’s first underground nuclear test in 2006, in violation of an earlier pledge to abide by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.  More detonations occurred under the current dictator, and recent months have produced ample evidence that Pyongyang now has nuclear-armed missiles capable of reaching U.S. shores.

Last Wednesday, just hours after President Trump told the North any threat to the United States would be met with "fire and fury," Pyongyang announced it is considering plans for a missile strike on the U.S. Pacific territory of Guam.  The announcement ratcheted up tensions in the financial market and prompted warnings from U.S. officials not to engage in a rhetorical contest with North Korea.  To make Kim Jong-Un think twice about his boastful threat, UN ambassador Nikki Haley persuaded China and Russia to join our allies in sanctioning North Korea.  But China indicated on Friday that it would not support a preemptive attack by the U.S. 

This week Foster Klug of the Associated Press assesses Kim Jong-Un's intentions as well as the risks of military intervention.  Let us know your reaction to the crisis at        



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Trump's threat fits with North Korea's image of US

by   Foster Klug*   [Filed 8/09/17]


Donald Trump’s threat to unleash “fire and fury” on North Korea might have been written by Pyongyang’s propaganda mavens, so perfectly does it fit the North’s cherished claim that it is a victim of American aggression.

Not since George W. Bush labeled North Korea part of an “axis of evil” has the nation had such a strong piece of presidential evidence to back up its argument that only nuclear and missile development can counter “hostile” U.S. policies aimed at ending the rule of the latest member of the Kim family of dictators.

Trump now runs several risks by matching his rhetoric to that of the North, which has regularly vowed to reduce archrival Seoul to a “sea of fire.”

Word choice matters on the Korean Peninsula.  A torrent of belligerent warnings by the North in 2013, for instance, including nuclear strike threats against specific U.S. targets, led to an anxious, weeks-long standoff that saw the United States fly its most powerful warplanesnuclear capable B-2 and B-52 bombers, and F-22 stealth fightersnear the North Korean border.

The risk, now as then, is that heated words could cause a miscalculation that might trigger real fighting across the most heavily armed border on earth, a border that’s only a short drive from greater Seoul’s 25 million people.

Trump’s comments Tuesday were actually linked to Pyongyang’s never-ending stream of threats: “North Korea had best not make any more threats to the United States,” Trump said.  “They will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen.”

Though it seems unlikely it was directly responding to those comments, the North on Wednesday repeated past warnings that it’s examining operational plans for attacking the U.S. territory of Guam.

This is mostly a bluff: North Korea is extremely unlikely to follow through on a suicidal pre-emptive attack on the United States.  But there is also almost zero chance that the North will miss the opportunity to put its propaganda specialists to work topping Trump’s threat of total war.  Pyongyang, after all, may be the world’s leading producer of such threatsagainst Seoul, against Tokyo, against Washington, against essentially anything or anyone seen as hostile.

As John Delury, an Asia specialist at Seoul’s Yonsei University, tweeted following Trump’s comments, “Trying to out-threaten North Korea is like trying to out-pray the Pope.”

The risk is that what works for a tiny, impoverished dictatorship that has long seen itself as sandwiched between geopolitical behemoths whose only aim is using the Korean Peninsula for their own interests might not work for the world’s most powerful economy and military.

Trump now confronts a problem that North Korea has long faced: Over-the-top threats are one thing, but what do you do when you can’t back them up?

So far, of course, North Korea has favored smaller scale sneak attacks over following through with its threats to launch missiles into Seoul, let alone a U.S. territory.  North Korea will surely continue its nuclear bluster, but Trump cannot bring “fire and fury” without risking the destruction of Seoul, and the deaths of tens of thousands of U.S. troops and citizens in South Korea.

Trump’s comments also feed North Korea’s craving for global attention.

The country uses its scary rhetoric and nuclear boasts to force itself to the top of outside governments’ foreign policy lists.  For the North, being ignored is a worse fate than being criticized.

Trump’s “fire and fury” line might also hurt his efforts to get China, the North’s economic and diplomatic enabler, to do more to curb Pyongyang’s nuclear ambitions.

China, though it does not want a nuclear North Korea, sympathizes with Pyongyang’s claim that it is under real threat from Washington.

“The U.S. is trying to tell China, ‘We’re not in this for regime change; we’re not trying to take down (leader) Kim Jong Un; we’re not trying to reunify the Korean Peninsula; what we want is to negotiate their nukes away,’” Delury said in an interview.  “To use unprecedented, inflammatory language, to threaten war on North Korea because they make threats, undermines the work the U.S. is trying to do to keep the Chinese on board.”

Before Trump’s threat, the North’s biggest recent example of so-called U.S. hostility was the joint military drills staged by allies Washington and Seoul.  Those start up again in a few weeks.  Expect to see “fire and fury” drive North Korean propaganda then, and for a long time to come.



*Foster Klug is AP’s Seoul bureau chief and has covered the Koreas since 2005.  This report was filed Wednesday, August 9, 2017 ©Associated Press.

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