This page is reserved for commentary on timely topics—including religion, politics, and societal trends— with special emphasis on Essential Value and Individual Freedom.  Respond to: hampday1@verizon.net.

This week's death row suspension story raises a value issue we've never addressed on these pagesnamely, the morality of capital punishment.  The phrase "all life is sacred" would seem to rule out the death sentence as a penalty for murder or treason, as well as the practice of abortion.  So how do we justify these acts in a culture founded on the precept of life and liberty for all?   Are you content with the justice of "a life for a life", or does it give you pause?

The U.S. Constitution is somewhat ambiguous on the matter.  The Fifth Amendment says "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury; ...nor shall he be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law."  This can be read as evidence that the Founders inherently supported the death penalty, writes Dr. William D. Richardson, Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of South Dakota: "If a person can never be deprived of life by the state, why is the clause 'without due process of law' necessary? ...By including a phrase that allowed for the possibility that citizens might be denied their life, liberty, or property if certain procedural safeguards were in place─'due process'they implied that individual life might be taken by the state under the right circumstances."

The American Civil Rights Liberties Union (ACLU), on the other hand, offered this statement: "Capital punishment is immoral in principle, and unfair and discriminatory in practice... No one deserves to die.  When the government metes out vengeance disguised as justice, it becomes complicit with killers in devaluing human life and human dignity.  In civilized society, we reject the principle of literally doing to criminals what they do to their victims: The penalty for rape cannot be rape, or for arson, the burning down of the arsonist's house.  We should not, therefore, punish the murderer with death... Capital punishment is a barbaric remnant of uncivilized society."

Keep these opposing views in mind as you read Cal Thomas's update on punitive justice in Arkansas, where seven criminals are scheduled for execution this month after sitting 20 years or more on death row.  If it changes your view of the death penalty, let us know at hampday1@verizon.net.    

--HP  

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Rush to execute the guilty and innocent

by   Cal Thomas*  [Published 4/13/17]

 

Nearly three dozen men sit on death row in Arkansas, where capital punishment has been suspended since 2005.  Unless clemency is granted, seven of them, an eighth man was granted a temporary reprieve, will be given lethal injections all within a 10-day period, between April 17 and 27.

Why so many?  Why the rush?

The New York Times reports that the unprecedented pace is "brought about by a looming expiration date for a drug used by the state for lethal injections."  The drug is midazolam, "which has been used in several botched and gruesome lethal injections in other states in recent years."  Because of the controversy surrounding midazolam's use, "a number of pharmaceutical companies have restricted their drugs from use for capital punishment."

Anti-death penalty groups are upset and the state is having difficulty acquiring a sufficient number of witnesses, as required by law.

These are "bad hombres," as President Trump might describe them.  Many of them have been on death row for more than 20 years while the appeals process ground on and relatives of their victims have waited for justice to be served.

Don Davis, now 54, was sentenced to death in 1992.  He is to be executed April 17.  Davis was convicted of shooting 62-year-old Jane Daniel in the back of the head while robbing her home, even though she complied with his demands to hand over her valuables.

Bruce Earl Ward, 60, is also slated for execution April 17.  He's been on death row since 1990 after being convicted of murdering 18-year-old Rebecca Doss at a Little Rock convenience store where she worked the night shift.  The court heard testimony that Ward drove around town looking for a victim and strangled the young woman in the store bathroom.

In 1993, Stacey E. Johnson, now 47, raped, beat, strangled and then slit the throat of Carol Heath, a mother of two. Heath was attacked in her home.  The Sun newspaper reported her daughter, Ashley, then six, "was found staring out her bedroom window the following morning ...having spent the night knowing her mother was dead in the room next door."

The list goes on, but this is their common profile.

Now for the innocent.

According to the Arkansas Department of Health, 3,771 abortions took place in the state in 2015, a slight drop from the previous year, part of the more than 59 million abortions performed in the United States since the passage of Roe v. Wade in 1973.   Where is the anti-death penalty crowd's compassion for those babies and the many women who say they regretted their decision to terminate their pregnancies and would have made a different choice had they received additional information?

Those opposed to capital punishment can certainly gin-up outrage and sympathy for convicted murderers and rapists, but seem to offer very little sympathy to the relatives of their victims and not an ounce of outrage for the innocent unborn who have been aborted.

Is this an unfair comparison?  Not at all.  Consider this.  Many oppose the death penalty because they claim all human life has value.  Then is not an innocent unborn human life?  How is an unborn baby any less valuable than a convicted rapist or murderer?

For secular-progressives, opposition to the death penalty appears to be based largely on sentiment, not on the intrinsic value of life.  Yes, there are reasons to oppose the death penalty.  It can often be unequally applied.  I get that.  But I'm speaking of the larger moral issue.

In the end, capital punishment is a matter of justice and just deserts.  It is justice for the dead and his or her relatives and it is just deserts for the murderer.  On several occasions I have offered people opposed to the death penalty a deal.  I will oppose capital punishment for the guilty, if they will oppose "capital punishment" for the innocent unborn.

I am still waiting to hear from them.

 


*Cal Thomas is a syndicated columnist and co-author (with Bob Beckel) of the book, Common Ground: How to Stop the Partisan War That is Destroying America.  This commentary was posted to Jewish World Review on Thursday. April 13, 2017 ©Tribune Content Agency, LLC

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